Do you know how to fix a leaking toilet? Leaks can be a little deceptive and it is not always easy to tell where they are coming from.
The first step is troubleshooting your problem. The 'Toilet Leak Troubleshooting' section below, will help you to do that. After that, you want to get the needed parts and tools. With everything thing you need, just follow the instructions provided to repair your leaky toilet.
Not sure if your toilet is actually leaking? See the article on 'Fixing Toilet Problems' for a complete listing of potential problems and solutions.
The four possible locations are: (1) The Fill Valve inlet. Usually just requires that you tighten the tank seal nut. (2) The Flush Valve seal. Many times , tightening the bolts will solve this problem. (3) The Toilet Flange seal can leak at the floor. This requires pulling up the toilet and replacing the wax ring. (4) The water valve or supply tube can also leak. Tightening may fix it, replacing washers or replacing tubes and valves may be required.
Toilet Leak Repair - Issues Involved
What Can You Save? - Leaks can be a little more challenging, even for a repairman. Initially it will cost you $50 to $100 for a service call, plus parts. If it takes longer than the initial time period (this varies), they generally charge you in fifteen minute increments. $15 to $35 per fifteen minute period. It is unlikely that you need a new toilet if it is just leaking. Assuming a repair period of one service call plus one half hour the Savings would be $80 to $170. Parts would be extra of course, and marked up at a repair shop's pricing.
How Hard Could It Be? - Depending on where the leak occurs the difficulty level can vary. These repairs will have a Difficulty Level of: A Bit of Work. These repairs require a Skill Level of: Handyman. For and explanation of the terms in this section, see 'How to Use This Site'.
Check the Simple Things! - We will cover it in the steps below, but tightening things up is usually pretty simple. If something is obviously loose, get a wrench and tighten it. It may be as simple as that.
What Can Go Wrong? - Leaks mean water, water can be a problem. Left unattended, leaks can damage finishes and structural elements. Letting a leak go for a long time can do thousands of dollars of damage. Fixing it quickly will always be the best course of action. Anything that can be damaged by water should be removed from the area before the repair is attempted. Getting the toilet partially repaired before it gets too late or the parts store closes can leave the toilet not operating. One trick is that a toilet can be flushed by dumping a couple of gallons of water quickly into it from a pail. This mimics the normal function of the toilet tank.
The descriptions below help you to locate the leak and act accordingly. Try to locate the leak before you take action. A leak at the toilet flange may only leak when the toilet is flushed. Use a dry cloth to soak up the water and then use your finger to determine where the leak is coming from.
Water Trickles Into the Bowl and the Tank Refills Periodically
This problem is related to the toilet flapper and the toilet flush valve. The toilet flapper raises when the toilet is flushed. After the water has drained into the bowl, the flapper closes. It seals against the rim of the flush valve. The seal between the flush valve and the flapper is the only thing keeping the water inside of the tank. When this seal fails, you have a leak.
I have a leak at the base of my tank, where it connects to the toilet bowl.
This problem only applies to two piece toilets. However, most toilets are the two piece design. The two pieces consist of a toilet bowl, which is the base unit that sits on the floor and a toilet tank.
The toilet tank is mounted to the base unit with bolts. There is a large seal between the tank and the bowl. This seal is compressed by tightening the bolts that hold the two porcelain pieces together. Loose tank bolts can cause the seal to leak. Since the seal is made out of rubber it can also dry out and crack over time. A cracked or worn seal can also leak.
Another potential problem is the bolts. Some toilets use bolts that have a rubber seal around them. There are individual holes in the bottom of the tank for each bolt. You can have the same problem here, a loose bolt or bad seal at the bolt can cause a leak.
The article 'Fixing a Leaking Toilet Tank' has complete instructions for tightening the toilet tank bolts and replacing the seals if needed.
There is another hole in the bottom of the toilet tank for the toilet fill valve. The toilet fill valve regulates the amount of water that is stored inside of the toilet tank. It needs to be connected to the homes water supply.
The toilet fill valve is held in place by a large nut and it has a rubber seal to stop the water from leaking out of the toilet tank. When the nut is loose or the seal is bad, there can be a leak at this location.
For instructions on how to tighten or replace the toilet fill valve, see the article 'Toilet Fill Valve Leaking'.
The water supply line for the toilet is leaking.
Your toilet needs water to operate. The water is provided by a supply line that runs between the shut off valve and the toilet. There are actually four different spots that could be leaking on the supply line.
(1) The connection where the valve is attached to the water supply. (2) The connection where the supply line is connected to the water shut off valve. (3) The valve stem seal on the water shut off valve. (3) The connection where the supply line connects to the toilet fill valve.
See the article 'Toilet Supply Line Leaking' for information on how to locate these leaks (pictures included). There are also instructions on how to tighten or repair the problem.
Just because you have water on the floor, does not mean that the toilet is leaking at the base. Make sure that you do not have another type of leak before you pursue this problem.
A toilet leaking at the base will only occur when the toilet is flushed. That means, well, that the toilet is leaking dirty water from when the toilet is used.
The toilet is connected to the floor with bolts that hold it in place. There is a wax seal between the bottom of the toilet and the toilet flange. When the toilet loosens over time the seal can be broken, causing the toilet to leak.
There are two possible fixes. One is tightening the tee bolts that hold the toilet to the floor. The second is replacing the wax ring. The article 'Toilet Leaking at the Base' has more information and instructions on how to fix this problem.
This is not really a leak at all. This problem comes from condensation on the toilet tank. There are some things that can help. See the article 'Fixing a Leaking Toilet Tank' for some suggestions.
Fixing a Leaking Toilet Tank – Summary
Toilets use a lot of water to operate and water needs to be stored. It is not suprising that they have lots of spots that can leak. Hopefully, you were able to identify your problem and get it fixed.
Did not find an answer to your problem? See the article 'Troubleshooting Toilet Problems' for a listing of all if the toilet issues you might encounter.