wiring-a-light-switch-pic1Knowing how to wire a light switch can save you both time and money. Working with electricity makes some people nervous. However, if you take the proper precautions, you can fix the switches in your home safely. For safety concerns, see 'Electrical Safety Tips for Homeowners'.

This article discusses standard single pole switches. For other types of switches, see 'Wiring Dimmer Switches' and 'How to Wire a Three Way Switch' for more information. Not sure if this is your problem? See 'Troubleshooting Wiring Problems' and 'Home Electrical Repairs' for a full listing of electrical issues.

How a Light Switch Works

A light switch is a simple device. When it is on it allows the power to go to the light. Off, the current is interrupted and the light is off. Light switches are the easiest of all items to wire.

Only one wire is involved, unless it has a grounding lug and then you have two. The Hot (Black) and the Ground (Bare or Green). Obtain your desired light switch before you begin. For this article we are talking about single pole switches.

I must warn you that there are a lot of choices. You may need to involve your spouse in this decision. I know, it's a hassle, but it's cheaper than divorce court. Find a switch that suits you and you're ready to go.

Wiring a Light Switch - Information

What Can You Save?

Prices will vary but it will probably cost between $40 and $150 to have someone come out and replace a light switch for you. New light switches are a couple of dollars (more for dimmers) and take ten to fifteen minutes to change. Your savings could be between $35 and $145, not bad for fifteen minutes of work wiring a light switch.

How Hard Could It Be?

Wiring a light switch is not that difficult.

These repairs will have a Difficulty Level of: Simple
These repairs require a Skill Level of: Handyman

Check the Simple Things!

Check the bulbs first. Yes it is possible to get a brand new bulb out of the package and it be bad. Try a second one of the first one still does not work. Loose wires on the switch would be the next simple thing.

What Can Go Wrong?

Electrical shocks can cause severe injury and even death. Be careful, make sure the power is off. Always double check, turn the breaker off and then use a tester to make sure nothing is hot. It is possible for more than one circuit to be fed through a single box. Faulty or incorrect wiring can cause dead shorts and fires. Make sure you understand how to hook something up before you attempt it.

Wiring a Light Switch – Resources

Before you begin you want to make sure that the switch is bad. The article 'Checking for a Bad Switch' covered what you needed to do to figure it out.

A related topic for light switches is testing them. See the article 'How To Test a Light Switch' for instructions on how to tell if the switch is not working the way it should.

Another useful resource for light switches is a wiring diagram. See the article on 'Light Switch Wiring Diagrams' for a visual example of how a switch is wired.

There are different types of light switches. Make sure you are using the type that you need. See the article 'Different Types of Light Switches' for more information.


Are you done with your wiring a light switch project. We hope it was successful. A few tools and a few minutes should have taken care of it. That was after you selected a switch. Were you able to stick with one for around a dollar? Did you go with a nice decorator one? You know it will make all the other switches look old.

What are you going to do with all the free time you have? Take a look at your list and decide on another project you want to tackle. Now that your confidence has been built up by this success story.